In addition, part of Union war strategy was to use the Navy to blockade Southern ports. American Civil War - American Civil War - The military background of the war: At first glance it seemed that the 23 states that remained in the Union after secession were more than a match for the 11 Southern states. Southern peace men were also prominent war opposition figures during the war. War action around their homes created many hardships for Southerners. The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865, fought between northern states loyal to the Union and southern states that had seceded to form the Confederate States of America. The South does not precisely coincide with the geographic south of the United States but is commonly defined as including the states that fought for the Confederate States of America in the American Civil War. The south had representatives in DC at the time of Ft. Sumter attempting to negotiate a peaceful withdrawal. What Were Other Names for the North and South in the Civil War. Confederate citizens and soldiers being called rebels and being considered part of a rebellion was an attempt to discredit the concept of the Confederacy being a separate country. Goals of south . A On the other hand, for the North to win, the Union had to be restored. Arguably, the South produced enough food during the war to provide for both military and civilian needs, but mismanagement, parochial local interests, and the relatively underdeveloped transportation network often created havoc with distribution. The idea that the Civil War was some sort of a morality play about freeing Southern slaves is an ideological distortion that obfuscates many of the atrocities that occurred during and after the war. I'm writing a history paper (due today) about the Civil War. Not all citizens in the northern states approved of the American Civil War during the 1860s. The North and its troops originally fought because they felt the South had no legal right to secede from the Union and was close to treason. One result was that Southern civilians probably had to make more real sacrifices during the war than Northern civilians did. 1.blockade the south 2.gain control of the mississippi river 3.gain control of Richmond,virginia. I need to know why the South called themselves "Confederates" when they left the Union. When Lincoln, who opposed slavery, was elected president, this caused conflict with the South, who viewed slavery as a way of life. American Civil War, also called War Between the States, four-year war (1861–65) between the United States and 11 Southern states that seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States … The most common name for the American Civil War in modern American usage is simply the "Civil War". Washington, D.C., during the American Civil War was the center of the Union war effort, which rapidly turned it from a small city into a major capital with full civic infrastructure and strong defenses. The Civil War was a series of battles between the North and the South over issues such as slavery and states' rights. There were numerous reason behind why each side's soldiers fought for one side or the other. The U.S. Supreme Court: Who Are the Nine Justices on the Bench Today? To win the war, the South had only to survive. To find additional sources on Loc.gov regarding the South during the Civil War, use words such as Yankee, Confederate, plantation, Civil War, and War Between the States, in your search. The Deep South lies entirely within the southeastern corner. 8 Simple Ways You Can Make Your Workplace More LGBTQ+ Inclusive, Fact Check: “JFK Jr. Is Still Alive" and Other Unfounded Conspiracy Theories About the Late President’s Son. In part, this was the result of the war strategies of both sides. He knew that this would make enough people mad enough for him to raise an army to invade the South. Classroom Materials at the Library of Congress, Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861 to 1877, Miss Emma Falconer Recalls Life During Civil War, The Neglect of Texas Cattle Herds During the War, At Christmas People Did Not Have Luxuries, Sherman's Army Plunders a Georgia Plantation, National Expansion and Reform, 1815 - 1880, African-American Soldiers During the Civil War, Great Depression and World War II, 1929-1945. Northerners discourage for enlisting, North democrats who opposed were called Copperheads, Southerners opposed the wars because of the suffering. The South was also called Dixie, a nod to the Mason-Dixon line. After the fighting began in April, four additio… Others wanted to accommodate the southern states. In 1864, Foote resigned from the Confederate Congress and tried to make peace with Lincoln. The Civil War was the bloodiest conflict in American history. Napoleon, between 1860 and 1864 Civil War. Southern cotton production in 1870 was half what it was in 1860. The states that remained were known as the "Union" or the "North". Many northerners favored the abolition of slavery. Farrar, a wealthy Southern planter, was also a supporter of the peace movement. The Union hoped to stop the flow of goods between the South and other countries and strangle its foe economically. In part, this was the result of the war strategies of both sides. During the Civil War, the North and South had several different views on the way of life. The American Civil War began on the April 12, 1861, but the North and South’s propaganda campaigns began a few years earlier. Although many had wanted to join the war effort earlier, they were prohibited from enlisting by a federal law dating back to 1792. The two sides involved in the American Civil War were the Union, which represented the North, and the Confederacy, which represented the South. The South's major supply problem was subsistence. During and immediately after the war, Northern historians often used the terms "War of the Rebellion" and "Great Rebellion", and the Confederate term was "War for Southern Independence", which regained some currency in the 20th century but has again fallen out of use. https://www.answers.com/Q/What_was_the_south_called_in_the_civil_war Thus, Union forces had to conquer the South in order to win the war. The South threatened war and secession. The images of the yeoman farmer before the civil war and the cowboy afterwards were defining tropes but ultimately only that, as oligarchies sought to maintain power. In addition to having alternate names for the sides, the soldiers had nicknames as well. In the decade prior to the Civil War, the American press began flourishing and evolved rapidly evolve in terms of technology, output, and distribution. The South side of the American Civil War became its own nation, called the Confederate States of America, or the Confederacy for short, while the North remained the United States of America and was called the Union. Most of the fighting during the American Civil War took place on Southern soil. The Library of Congress offers classroom materials and professional development to help teachers effectively use primary sources from the Library's vast digital collections in their teaching. By … Weaknesses north *Fighting an offensive war *have poor genrals *supply lines are longer. Why did the South call themselves Confederates during the civil war? It was formed by delegations from seven slave states of the Lower Souththat had proclaimed their secession from the Union. The Confederacy was established in the Montgomery Convention in February 1861 by seven states (South Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, adding Texas in March before Lincoln's inauguration), expanded in May–July 1861 (with Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, North Carolina), and disintegrated in April–May 1865. Foote of Tennessee was a strong supporter of the peace movement. How Does the 25th Amendment Work — and When Should It Be Enacted? To help your students analyze these primary sources, get a graphic organizer and guides. The South was also called Dixie, a nod to the Mason-Dixon line. Yes, during the civil war the soldiers from the south were called Rebels. Although rarely used during the war, the term "War Between the States" became widespread afterward in the Southern United States. Strengths north *has navy *larger population *more factories *more R.R *more supplies. The weather was also a major determining factor in whether armies could fight or not. 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